The Convocation is made up by academicians of Academia Sinica. The title of academician in Academia Sinica is an honor with no remuneration. According to their expertise, academicians are grouped into four divisions:
Mathematics and Physical Sciences (65), Engineering Sciences (60), Life Sciences (96), and Humanities and Social Sciences (56). A maximum number of ten new academicians is elected in each of the four divisions during the biennial Convocation.
The Convocation's functions are as follows:
1. To elect academicians and honorary academicians.
2. To elect members to the Council of Academia Sinica.
3. To make policies on academic research.
4. To plan and carry out research at the government's request.